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A trip to ILC at Tilathi, Saptari

27 Mar, 2023

On the occasion of constitution day, I utilized the holiday to travel to Tilathi Koiladi rural municipality of Saptari district to share my teaching experience and train the teachers employed in the Mahakavi Bidhyapati Boarding School. It took me around 8 hours to reach the destination and those 8 hours I spent watching the variety of landscapes offered by the Terai region of Nepal. Though it took me a whole day to travel I really enjoyed my trip as I got to board on the window seat of the bus.

The peaceful environment of Tilathi was heartwarming. I was amazed to witness the presence of trees and greenery inside the village which I find rare in the villages of Terai region. Almost every house in the village had a tree planted in and the environment was free from unwanted garbage. One of the greatest fears in the Terai region is mosquito bites but surprisingly Tilathi has very few mosquitoes in comparison to other other villages I had ever been which impressed me a lot. On many occasions, I could smell the fragrance of flowers on the streets of the village which is enough to express the beauty of this village. There are a number of sightseeing spots for outsiders like me to visit and witness the true beauty of the village. Several ponds and fields full of grains planted dancing along with the eastern breeze in the evening is truly an amazing experience to witness and I really felt blessed to be there at that moment of time. In the race for development, many villages are trying to become a city but in my opinion, the village should remain the village and pursue a developed village. I would consider Tilathi as a well-developed village that has pure cultural reflection and a true taste of a village that connects us to nature in this busy world.

I may get apart from Tilathi but there shall always be some part of Tilathi in my heart and I am really thankful to Shailendra Dai for providing me with such a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity.


  The purpose of my visit to ILC in Tilathi is to share my experience and enhance the effectiveness of the school by providing training to teachers. I spent 2 days observing the teaching practices and environment of the school. The observations are:

  • Managed physical infrastructure
  • Availability of enough teachers for the total number of students
  • Learning to check through class work is done
  • Cleanliness issues
  • Irregular assembly practices
  • One-way communication among teachers and students
  • Physical punishment practices
  • Lack of cross-questioning practices
  • Lesson planning not done
  • Lack of activity-based learning (other than pen and paper)

Reinforcing the teachers

It is very obvious that without proper training the teachers teach in the way they had been taught. But with the passage of time and the demand of creativity, logic, leadership skills, and critical thinking among the students to cope with the environment and stand tall among others is increasing. Hence, I tried to make teachers realize the importance of themselves for the betterment of students and society as a whole. The training was conducted after the completion of classes every day. The glimpse of training are:

  • The alternative to physical punishment is to make students attentive in the classroom.
  • Student segregation and seat management techniques.
  • IQ-based questions for teachers.
  • Conducting group activity.
  • Lesson planning practices.
  • Backward planning.
  • Handling the A/V tools.
  • Typing practice.
  • Let them observe the class taught by the trainer.
  • Reflection session on unhealthy social practices


It would be early to analyze the impact of such short training, as analysis needs time. Although there are some small but major changes which I find is worth of.

  • Cleanliness awareness
  • Assembly conducted on a regular basis
  • Physical punishment is reduced to the lowest
  • Teachers have a broader mind setup of responsibility
  • Apart from academics, social ethics, and disciplinary behaviors are reinforced
  • Classroom activities include students approaching whiteboard with markers and speaking in front of the class.


What could have been done better?

  • More sessions on lesson planning
  • More reflection sessions
  • A well-planned training sessions
  • Frequent group activities
  • Weekly test
  • An exam of teachers to measure the effectiveness of training
  • Motivating sessions should be introduced


Provided to prepare for training and the time period to conduct the training I would say it is a fruitful achievement where teachers are now aware of their actions and their importance in building the base for those students. The subject matters included in the training program were enough but with the time constraints the reinforcement could not be done, however, teachers are now aware of techniques and activities to be carried out. A well-motivated teacher would go beyond the boundaries by themselves to carry out the research and reflect on it during their teaching sessions.   Further, teachers can also use backward planning for themselves and their children’s future if fully dedicated to following what they learned. But of course, reinforcement on a timely basis would surely improve the learning and teaching quality.


My Observation at ILC Birgunj

27 Mar, 2023

Although being in the same district all the 3 schools have very different backgrounds on an operational basis as NSKAB is primary level, MTS is Secondary level and KUKLBSS is the girls school. In the first week, I tried to observe and understand the tradition of teaching practices. Besides that, I also tried to understand the concept and views of different teachers regarding the use of A/V classes where I found the following observations:
Observations in NSKAB:

  • Lack of teachers
  • SMC’s member and office helper’s involvement in teaching practices
  • Teachers prefer the traditional method over the A/V method of teaching
  • Lack of awareness among teachers about the importance and potential use of computers
  • Lack of proper routine including A/V periods
  • A/V class is conducted only by the BITS LADDER facilitator which is two times a week

Observations in MTISSS:

  • Lack of proper seating arrangements for students
  • Both students and teachers show keen interest for the use of A/V medium for teaching and learning
  • practices
  • Proper routines for A/V classes are yet to be developed
  • Presence of self-learning and research teachers

Observations in KUKLBSS

  • A/V classroom is regularly used for nursery class only
  • Lack of proper routine regarding A/V classes
  • Students are keen to learn through an A/V medium
  • Absence of subject teachers in A/V room during classes conducted by BITS LADDER facilitator
  • A/V class is conducted only by the BITS LADDER facilitator which is two times a week
  • Students have access to the ICT room during leisure and recess time.

After a week-long observation of the schools it was necessary to carry out a few activities for the betterment of the teaching and learning practices.

  • Deep discussion with head teachers for the routine set-up and presence of subject teachers while
  • conducting the A/V classes
  • Practically showing the teachers how to be effective facilitators while teaching in an A/V medium
  • Facilitating the students in the absence of teachers
  • Teaching the students in regular classrooms during internet and electricity disturbances

It totally depends on teachers and the school management on the use of technology for teaching practices. The schools whose teachers are aware of importance of the computers have surely made an impact in comparison to other schools where teachers resist the change. The overall impact in all the schools is listed below:

  • Students have learned to operate the A/V tools and browse the A/V tools by themselves
  • Preprimary students are involved in extracurricular activities like dancing and singing
  • Students with mobile and computer access at home are involved in studying activities at home as well
  • Students involvement is high in practicing problems displayed on boards

Impact on NSKAB

  • The headteacher is dedicated to using the A/V room and frequently uses it during the leisure period for
  • teaching practices as there is a lack of regular teachers.
  • A general report on the progress of teachers and students
  • Prepared by: Bhupendra Yadav,
  • Cluster Impact Lead, Bits Ladder International Pvt. Ltd.

Impact on KUKLBSS

  • Students pursue by themselves the A/V learning method
  • The number of students who uses ICT and surf the internet by themselves
  • The teachers show readiness to learn and explain through A/V medium

Impact on MTISSS

  • The A/V medium for teaching is used most of the time
  • Other teachers who don’t have access due to improper routine are keen to learn and teach through
  • the A/V medium
  • Exemplary videos are used to assign the project work to students and students complete them as well
  • Teachers share their experiences with other teachers

What could have been done better?

  • A proper training program for the teachers to make them aware of the use and importance of
  • computers in today’s world and where we stand.
  • Some sort of rules and criteria should have been laid down for the technologies provided.
  • Continuous monitoring, supervision, and feedback should be done
  • Proper routine could have been much more helpful

The school's teachers are yet to understand the importance of the opportunity provided as it has come free of cost which has not been producing the results desired. The human nature of “resisting change” of some teachers has prioritized the traditional method of teaching over the A/V medium. On the other hand, those teachers who want to teach through the A/V medium have to face the lack of a proper routine schedule to teach properly. Hence, I recommend asking the schools to set a proper routine at first and follow it in a proper way if a fruitful result is desired.